The 28 articles  nominated for the 2014 Omenn Prize by the deadline are listed below. The prize of $5000 will be awarded in March 2015 for the best  article published in 2014 in any scientific journal on a topic related to evolution in the context of medicine and public health.  The Prize is made possible by a generous donation from Gilbert Omenn to the International Society for Evolution, Medicine, & Public Health. The prize committee is chaired by Sarah Tishkoff; the other committee members are Joe Alcock, Noah Rosenberg, and Alison Galvani.

  • Axelsen, J. B., Yaari, R., Grenfell, B. T., & Stone, L. (2014). Multiannual forecasting of seasonal influenza dynamics reveals climatic and evolutionary drivers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences111(26), 9538-9542.
  • Barber, M. F., & Elde, N. C. (2014). Escape from bacterial iron piracy through rapid evolution of transferrin. Science346(6215), 1362-1366.
  • Bolnick, D. I., Snowberg, L. K., Hirsch, P. E., Lauber, C. L., Org, E., Parks, B., … & Svanbäck, R. (2014). Individual diet has sex-dependent effects on vertebrate gut microbiota. Nature communications5.
  • Byars, S. G., Stearns, S. C., & Boomsma, J. J. (2014). Opposite risk patterns for autism and schizophrenia are associated with normal variation in birth size: phenotypic support for hypothesized diametric gene-dosage effects.Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences281(1794), 20140604.
  • Byars, S. G., Stearns, S. C., & Boomsma, J. J. (2014). Opposite risk patterns for autism and schizophrenia are associated with normal variation in birth size: phenotypic support for hypothesized diametric gene-dosage effects.Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences281(1794), 20140604.
  • Carnes, B. A., & Witten, T. M. (2013). How long must humans live?. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, glt164.
  • Nicholas R. Casewell, Simon C. Wagstaff, Wolfgang Wüster, Darren A. N. Cook, Fiona M. S. Bolton, Sarah I. King, Davinia Pla, Libia Sanz, Juan J. Calvete, and Robert A. Harrison   Medically important differences in snake venom composition are dictated by distinct postgenomic mechanisms PNAS 2014 111 (25) 9205-9210; published ahead of print June 9, 2014, doi:10.1073/pnas.1405484111
  • D’Souza, A. W., & Wagner, G. P. (2014). Malignant cancer and invasive placentation A case for positive pleiotropy between endometrial and malignancy phenotypes. Evolution, medicine, and public health2014(1), 136-145.
  • Fontaine, M. C., Pease, J. B., Steele, A., Waterhouse, R. M., Neafsey, D. E., Sharakhov, I. V., … & Besansky, N. J. (2015). Extensive introgression in a malaria vector species complex revealed by phylogenomics. Science,347(6217), 1258524.
  • Forsdyke, D. R. (2014). Implications of HIV RNA structure for recombination, speciation, and the neutralism-selectionism controversy. Microbes and Infection16(2), 96-103.
  • Govindaraju, D. R. (2013). Opportunity for selection in human health. Advances in genetics87, 1-70.
  • Hahn-Holbrook, J., & Haselton, M. (2014). Is Postpartum Depression a Disease of Modern Civilization?. Current Directions in Psychological Science23(6), 395-400.
  • Kamath, P. L., Turner, W. C., Küsters, M., & Getz, W. M. (2014). Parasite-mediated selection drives an immunogenetic trade-off in plains zebras (Equus quagga). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences281(1783), 20140077.
  • Key, F. M., Peter, B., Dennis, M. Y., Huerta-Sánchez, E., Tang, W., Prokunina-Olsson, L., … & Andrés, A. M. (2014). Selection on a Variant Associated with Improved Viral Clearance Drives Local, Adaptive Pseudogenization of Interferon Lambda 4 (IFNL4). PLoS genetics10(10), e1004681.
  • Klimek, M., Galbarczyk, A., Nenko, I., Alvarado, L. C., & Jasienska, G. (2014). Digit ratio (2D: 4D) as an indicator of body size, testosterone concentration and number of children in human males. Annals of human biology, (0), 1-6.
  • Apari, P., de Sousa, J. D., & Müller, V. (2014). Why sexually transmitted infections tend to cause infertility: an evolutionary hypothesis. PLoS pathogens10(8), e1004111.
  • Barbara Ottolini, Michael J. Hornsby, Razan Abujaber, Jacqueline A.L. MacArthur, Richard M. Badge, Trude Schwarzacher, Donna G. Albertson, Charles L. Bevins, Jay V. Solnick, Edward J. Hollox. Evidence of Convergent Evolution in Humans and Macaques Supports an Adaptive Role for Copy Number Variation of the β-Defensin-2 Gene, Genome Biology and Evolution, 2014, 3025-3038, DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evu236
  • Pennings, P. S., Kryazhimskiy, S., & Wakeley, J. (2014). Loss and recovery of genetic diversity in adapting populations of HIV. PLoS genetics10(1), e1004000.
  • Rasmussen, D. A., Boni, M. F., & Koelle, K. (2014). Reconciling phylodynamics with epidemiology: The case of dengue virus in southern Vietnam. Molecular biology and evolution31(2), 258-271.
  • Regoes, R. R., McLaren, P. J., Battegay, M., Bernasconi, E., Calmy, A., Günthard, H. F., … & Fellay, J. (2014). Disentangling human tolerance and resistance against HIV. PLoS biology12(9), e1001951.
  • Ross-Gillespie, A., Weigert, M., Brown, S. P., & Kümmerli, R. (2014). Gallium-mediated siderophore quenching as an evolutionarily robust antibacterial treatment. Evolution, medicine, and public health2014(1), 18-29.
  • Shaw, J. R., Hampton, T. H., King, B. L., Whitehead, A., Galvez, F., Gross, R. H., … & Stanton, B. A. (2014). Natural selection canalizes expression variation of environmentally induced plasticity-enabling genes. Molecular biology and evolution31(11), 3002-3015.
  • Straub, R. H. (2014). Insulin resistance, selfish brain, and selfish immune system: an evolutionarily positively selected program used in chronic inflammatory diseases. Arthritis research & therapy16(Suppl 2), S4.
  • Suh, A., Weber, C. C., Kehlmaier, C., Braun, E. L., Green, R. E., Fritz, U., … & Ellegren, H. (2014). Early Mesozoic Coexistence of Amniotes and Hepadnaviridae. PLoS genetics10(12), e1004559.
  • Vale, P. F., Fenton, A., & Brown, S. P. (2014). Limiting damage during infection: lessons from infection tolerance for novel therapeutics. PLoS biology,12(1), e1001769.
  • Warinner, C., Rodrigues, J. F. M., Vyas, R., Trachsel, C., Shved, N., Grossmann, J., … & Cappellini, E. (2014). Pathogens and host immunity in the ancient human oral cavity. Nature genetics46(4), 336-344.
  • Wilke, A., Scheibehenne, B., Gaissmaier, W., McCanney, P., & Barrett, H. C. (2014). Illusionary pattern detection in habitual gamblers. Evolution and Human Behavior.
  • Yilmaz, B., Portugal, S., Tran, T. M., Gozzelino, R., Ramos, S., Gomes, J., … & Soares, M. P. (2014). Gut microbiota elicits a protective immune response against malaria transmission. Cell159(6), 1277-1289.